英語ニュース

英語ニュース

Refugee and Migrant Crisis Deepens in Europe欧州難民危機

国際・国内社会
More than 100 migrants recently tried to cross from France to the UK via the Channel Tunnel. The attempt stopped train services overnight.

The incident is only one part of Europe’s on-going refugee and migrant crisis. Large numbers continue to arrive from countries such as Syria after fleeing conflict. Many have crossed the Mediterranean at great risk. The UN says over 168,000 people arrived in September, with 700,000 expected this year. Although EU leaders have been discussing solutions, their opinions are split. This delay has created chaos in many areas. Even in countries that are actively accepting migrants, public opinion is sharply divided.

It is now clear a global effort will be required to address the crisis. Japan has announced financial assistance of approximately 800 million dollars. However, some say the government should be more proactive in accepting migrants.
このほど100人以上の移民が英仏海峡トンネルを通ってフランスからイギリスへ渡ろうと試み、夜間の鉄道運行が停止しました。

この事件は、現在欧州で起こっている難民・移民危機のほんの一部に過ぎません。争いを逃れ、シリアなどの国々から多くの人が到来し続けています。大きな危険を冒して、地中海を越えてくる人が大勢います。国連によると、9月に到来した人は16万8000人を超え、今年の到来者数は70万人に上ると予想されています。欧州連合の指導者らは、解決策を話し合ってきましたが、各国の意見は分かれています。この遅れのため、多くの地域で大混乱が生じています。積極的に移民の受け入れを行っている国においてさえ、世論は大きく分かれています。

この危機的状況に対処するため、今や世界的な取り組みが必要であるのは明らかです。日本は、約8億ドルの経済援助を表明しています。しかし、日本政府はより積極的に移民を受け入れるべきだという意見もあります。

Listening Quiz

1. Complete the sentence: Many migrants are traveling to Europe so they can ( ).
  • areturn someday to fight their enemies
  • bescape from conflict in their own country
  • ctake advantage of Europe’s welfare system
2. As used in paragraph three, which of the following does “some” refer to?
  • amembers of the public
  • bmigrants and refugees
  • cEuropean Union leaders
3. According to the article, which of the following is true?
  • aJapan has said it will provide financial assistance of about 800 million dollars.
  • bThe UN believes the number of migrants could reach 168,000 people this year.
  • cEU leaders are currently planning to return most migrants to their own countries.
4. To reach a European country, many migrants have crossed the Mediterranean Sea at great personal risk.
  • aTRUE
  • bFALSE
  • cN/A (not applicable)
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